Superintendent Merrick Bemis called for the construction of a new asylum in Worcester County. A massive structure was laid out in the Kirkbride Plan and was located on Belmont Street. Construction began in 1870 and the newly built Worcester State Hospital was completed in 1876 at the cost of well over a million dollars. During its operation, the hospital housed thousands of patients. In 1949, the daily operations of the facility were documented by Life Magazine. In 1958, the Bryan Building was added to relieve stress on the aging Kirkbride complex. The facility was officially closed in 1991, operations still continued in the Bryan Building until 2012. In 2004 a proposal to build a new facility on this property was put into the works and called for all of the remaining buildings to be demolished.

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