The oldest jail in the United States was the Salem Jail which was constructed in 1811-1813. The jail was remodeled and substantially enlarged to the west in 1884-1885. British architect John Haviland (Eastern State Penitentiary) built the Essex County Jail in Newark, New Jersey in 1837. By 1890, Newark’s population had tripled and the jail required additions. The York Street Jail in Springfield,MA was built in 1886 and was the site of the last public hanging in Massachusetts in 1898.